US politics and Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan in 2022

American politics and Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan

Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan is no accident during her tour of Asia. It’s a calculated act of US state policy, even though the Biden administration feels uncomfortable about it. As she travels through Asia, her visit to Taiwan may seem less meaningful since a trip to Taiwan alone would have seemed rather provocative to China.

Pelosi’s visit aims to convey US support for Taiwan’s sovereignty to Chinese allies and adversaries, including China, who have questioned the US commitment to engage in direct military confrontation. As a result, China banned hundreds of Taiwanese exports and ordered a mobilization to send a strong message of disapproval, threatening Taiwan with invasion.

Tensions in Taiwan have been heightened by misguided US military action in Ukraine. Pelosi’s desire as a prominent and influential Democrat is to assure the public that the United States is prepared to engage militarily on Taiwan if circumstances warrant.

As China displays growing hostility on all fronts, the United States must firmly announce its national goals and intentions in an uncertain situation regarding Taiwan. The United States will suffer a historic setback in Taiwan if it falls behind its Chinese rival.

Due to its geographical location, Taiwan has major geopolitical and strategic importance; its occupation would strengthen China’s naval strategy to the point of threatening all Asian nations in the region. American historian and naval officer Alfred Mahan argued that mastery of the seas is the key to world power.

The Sino-American conflict over Taiwan is a vivid illustration of this argument. Located between Japan and Southeast Asia, Taiwan is the largest island in the archipelago. It is thirty times larger than Okinawa, where US forces are based, making it a significant force in the Pacific region.

As long as China controls Taiwan, it can operate east of the first island chain separating it from the Pacific. This would have increased freedom of operation in the ocean and prevented the United States from controlling other neighboring islands. If Taiwan lost peacefully or by force, it would irreparably alter the balance of power in the Western Pacific.

A recent global shortage of semiconductors has also highlighted Taiwan’s importance as a technological and economic powerhouse. An analyst pointed out that the United States had armed China to deter an invasion. F-16V Vipers were sold domestically, increasing its 140 F-16s. M-1 tanks, Apache attack helicopters and missiles were also sold to Taipei.

american politics and nancy pelosi's visit to taiwan

The high-tech fighter, the “jump jet” version of the F-35, would greatly improve Taiwan’s ability to defend its airbases, which would otherwise be anchored due to their invisibility to radar.

The armament of Taiwan is supposed to replace the American armed intervention in the event of Chinese aggression. Because anti-war sentiment is widely known in the US and arms transfers signal Taiwan’s resilience, this is an important question as China assesses the extent of US engagement. in Taiwan.

The Sino-American conflict over Taiwan may come from the seas, but the US Navy remains capable of inflicting significant damage to Chinese sea or air attacks. Taiwan plays a strategically critical role in geopolitical calculations and regional concerns.

Defining the contours of their respective spheres of influence is the objective of the ongoing Sino-American maneuvers in the Indo-Pacific region. Neither country will unilaterally dominate the other, as there is no unfinished agenda.

american politics and nancy pelosi's visit to taiwan

Both nuclear powers believe the prospects of all-out war to ensure a complete victory for either is anathema. As an extension of Taiwan’s competition for jurisdiction over the South China Seas, China is seeking to exercise a monopoly over those waters. China could exert control over the South China Sea by demonstrating its military capability.

However, it fails to force other countries to comply with Chinese assertions of sovereignty over the Indochina Sea area through their activities in their territorial waters. Against this backdrop, China’s activity in the adjacent Indian Ocean challenges India’s relatively small navy.

As a result of this decision, Chinese international trade, which must pass through the narrow Strait of Malacca, could be threatened with disruption. The Sino-Indian border dispute plays a role here, as China wishes to avoid involvement on two fronts.

Although the United States does not want India to suffer a setback in a military conflict with China, a Sino-Indian standoff and continued mutual mobilization, rather than resolving their dispute, is the preferred logical outcome. of the United States, because it affects the Taiwanese calculation of China.

american politics and nancy pelosi's visit to taiwan

Other countries affected by any major conflict over Taiwan are likely to help the United States. Still, they would have to be careful because if the United States were to win, they would almost certainly be held responsible. During the Vietnam War, the United States devastated Cambodia and Laos.

The United States is helping India greatly on many levels, especially intelligence, but India’s maneuvering is limited. As soon as an Indian government appears to be negotiating with China, the US could try regime change as a favorite foreign policy pastime.

Edited by Prakriti Arora

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